Bucharest was first mentioned in documents in 1459. It became the capital of Romania in 1862 and is the centre of Romanian media, culture and art. Its architecture is a mix of neo-classical,Bauhaus and art deco, and communist-era and modern. Tthe city’s elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of “Little Paris”. Although buildings and districts in the historic city centre were heavily damaged or destroyed by war, earthquakes, and Ceaușescu’s program of systematization, many survived. In recent years, the city has been experiencing an economic and cultural boom.